The book (The administration of the non-Muslim subjects in the Ottoman state) discusses the status and the rights of non-Muslims under the Ottoman rule from Tanzimat to the Turkish republic .
What is a millet ottoman empire?
The term milletin the Ottoman Empire referred to a non-Muslim religious community.
One inquiry we ran across in our research was “Was the Ottoman millet system a system?”.
You see, despite frequently being referred to as a ” system “, before the nineteenth century the organization of what are now retrospectively called millets in the Ottoman Empire was not at all systematic .
You may be wondering “Who was the leader of the millet in Ottoman Empire?”
In the case of the Orthodox Church (the biggest Church in the Ottoman Empire), the Orthodox Patriarch (the Archbishop of Constantinople) was the elected leader of the millet. The leaders of the millets were allowed to enforce their own religion’s rules on their people.
What is the history of millet?
And millet is listed along with wheat in the third century BCE by Theophrastus in his “Enquiry into Plants”.
Millets ( / ˈmɪlɪts /) are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. Most species generally referred to as millets belong to the tribe Paniceae , but some millets also belong to various other taxa.
The millets had a great deal of power – they set their own laws and collected and distributed their own taxes. All that was required was loyalty to the Empire.
What are the benefits of millet grain?
Let us have a look at some of the important benefits of the wonder grain – the Millet grain: They are rich in vitamin B, iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, and magnesium . They are a great source of starch and are thus helpful in making any food a high-energy food. It is also an excellent source of protein and fiber.
The Millet plant is high in nutritional value and is rich in various vitamins, proteins, minerals and fibers. In contrast to other cereals Millet grains require very little water and less fertile ground. They are also known as a ‘poor man’s food grain’ because its highly affordable .
Why did non-Muslims have to be a millet?
Non-Muslims had to be part of a millet in order to be considered as citizens of the Ottoman Empire . The leader of each millet was in charge for collecting the taxes.