(1) Jowar, bajra and ragi are the most important millets of India. (2) Jowar is the 3 rd most important crop with respect to area and production. (3) Importance – Millets have high nutritional value. For example, Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage.
While we were writing we ran into the question “Where are millets grown in india?”.
Millets are cultivated in low-fertile land , tribal and rain-fed and mountainous areas .
Ragi, jowar and bajra are the three important millets grown in India. Ragi: Ragi is grown in dry regions and it is mainly grown on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are two main ragi producing states. Jowar: It is a rain-fed crop and is grown mostly on moist areas.
Jowar is mostly cultivated in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Bajra is grown in the drier parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and south-west Uttar Pradesh. India leads the world in production of millets. In 2007, India produced 10,610,000 tonnes of Millets,.
Read about millets in India for better knowledge that will be useful for all government exams . The Government of India has approved 2018 as the National Year of Millets to boost production of the nutrient-rich millets and the agro-industries involved in its production.
Name any two states which lead in the production of millets in India. Ragi, jowar and bajra are the three important millets grown in India. Ragi: Ragi is grown in dry regions and it is mainly grown on red, black, sandy, loamy and shallow black soils. Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are two main ragi producing states.
India’s Rewa district in 1997 showed a 72% increase in Kodo millet grain yields as opposed to no fertilizer. Kodo millet prefers full light for optimal growth but can tolerate partial shading. Its ideal temperature for growth is 25 to 27°C. It requires four months until maturity & harvesting.
What is the most widely grown millet?
The most widely grown millet is pearl millet , which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. Finger millet proso millet, and foxtail milletare also important crop species. The name “Millet” has been derived from the word “mil or thousand” is referring to the large number of grains that can be produced from a single seed.
The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions . Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa.
How do you grow millet in Africa?
This has, in part, made millet production popular, particularly in countries surrounding the Sahara in western Africa. Millets, however, do respond to high fertility and moisture . On a per-hectare basis, millet grain production can be 2–4 times higher with use of irrigation and soil supplements.
What type of soil do millets grow in?
The usual soil type in which millets grow in include well-drained, loamy soils with balanced moisture content. Millets are the staple food in the regions of Manipur, Meghalaya, and Nagaland, due to which their production is being encouraged there.
What is millets?
Millets in India comprise cereal grains along with minute seed grasses. This category is significant of coarse grains i., and e. Grains having a rough and gritty texture having a high nutritional value and many health benefits.
What is the regional name of little millet in Tamil?
Foxtail Millet is rich in minerals and vitamins. It is known as Thinai in Tamil, Kirra in Telugu, Thinna in Malayalam, Navane in Kannada and Kangni in Hindi. Little Millet is also loaded with iron and fibre, the regional names are Chama in Malayalam, Same in Kannada, Samai in Tamil, Sama in Telugu and Kutki in Hindi.