Millets are cultivated in low-fertile land , tribal and rain-fed and mountainous areas.
We discovered jowar is mostly cultivated in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Bajra is grown in the drier parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and south-west Uttar Pradesh. India leads the world in production of millets. In 2007, India produced 10,610,000 tonnes of Millets,.
The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions . Millets are indigenous to many parts of the world. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. Finger millet, proso millet, and foxtail millet are also important crop species.
What are the different types of millets in India?
Types of Millets in India The millets commonly grown in India include Jowar (sorghum), Bajra (pearl millet), ragi (finger millet), Jhangora (barnyard millet), Barri (Proso or common millet), Kangni (foxtail/ Italian millet), Kodra ( Kodo millet) etc. Let us read about them in detail and also learn their regional names.
Are there any archaeological evidence of millets in the Indian subcontinent?
” Archaeobotanical evidence of millets in the Indian subcontinent with some observations on their role in the Indus civilization”., and doi: 101016/j., and jas201311029. “Agriculture in the Vedic Period” (PDF). Indian Journal of History of Science.
^ a b c Lu, H. ; et al. (2009). “Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago “. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.
Where do millets grow?
Millets are important crops in the semiarid tropics of Asia and Africa (especially in India, Mali, Nigeria, and Niger), with 97% of millet production in developing countries.
This of course begs the query “How do you grow millet in Africa?”
This has, in part, made millet production popular, particularly in countries surrounding the Sahara in western Africa. Millets, however, do respond to high fertility and moisture . On a per-hectare basis, millet grain production can be 2–4 times higher with use of irrigation and soil supplements.
What type of soil do millets grow in?
The usual soil type in which millets grow in include well-drained, loamy soils with balanced moisture content. Millets are the staple food in the regions of Manipur, Meghalaya, and Nagaland, due to which their production is being encouraged there.
What is the regional name of little millet in Tamil?
Foxtail Millet is rich in minerals and vitamins. It is known as Thinai in Tamil, Kirra in Telugu, Thinna in Malayalam, Navane in Kannada and Kangni in Hindi. Little Millet is also loaded with iron and fibre, the regional names are Chama in Malayalam, Same in Kannada, Samai in Tamil, Sama in Telugu and Kutki in Hindi.